- A monotheistic world religion with origins in the prophetic activities of the Jews in relation to the God Yahweh. It is important to distinguish early biblical Judaism, before the fall of the Temple in 70CE, and later Judaism which was focused on the synagogue. Judaism was organized around religious teachers (the rabbis) and religious knowledge was contained in the Torah or teaching (especially the first five books of the Hebrew Bible). Judaism, which was based on the idea of a sacred covenant between Yahweh and his people, produced profound messianic movements throughout history.In the Middle Ages, there were a number of important mystical movements, such as the Kabbalah, which gave an esoteric reading to traditional Jewish theology. In the nineteenth century, there were attempts to change and reform many traditional practices, giving rise to the creation of two separate religious movements, Reform and Conservative Judaism. The destruction of European Jewish communities in the Holocaust and the creation of the modern state of Israel in 1948 have transformed Judaism in the twentieth century.Sociologists have been particularly interested in the nature of Jewish prophecy (see, for example,, Ancient Judaism, 1917-19), the relationship between Judaism and capitalism (see, The Jews and Modern Capitalism, 1911), and more recently the implications of the Holocaust for established social theories (see, Modernity and the Holocaust, 1990). See also Christianity.
Dictionary of sociology. 2013.
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JUDAISM — JUDAISM, the religion, philosophy, and way of life of the Jews. DEFINITION The term Judaism is first found among the Greek speaking Jews of the first century C.E. (Judaismes, see II Macc. 2:21; 8:1; 14:38; Gal. 1:13–14). Its Hebrew equivalent,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Judaism — • Judaism designates the religious communion which survived the destruction of the Jewish nation by the Assyrians and the Babylonians Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Judaism Judaism … Catholic encyclopedia
Judaism — Ju da*ism, prop. n. [L. Juda[ i]smus: cf. F. juda[ i]sme.] 1. The religious doctrines and rites of the Jews as enjoined in the laws of Moses, and for many adherents, in the Talmud. J. S. Mill. [1913 Webster] 2. Conformity to the Jewish rites and… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Judaism — (n.) c.1400 (attested in Anglo Latin from mid 13c.), from O.Fr. Judaisme and directly from L.L. Judaismus (Tertullian), from Gk. Ioudaismos, from Ioudaios Jew (see JEW (Cf. Jew)). The Anglo Latin reference is to a special tax levied on the Jews… … Etymology dictionary
Judaism — ► NOUN 1) the monotheistic religion of the Jews, based on the Old Testament and the Talmud. 2) Jews collectively. DERIVATIVES Judaist noun. ORIGIN Greek Ioudaïsmos, from the Hebrew form of the name «Judah» … English terms dictionary
Judaism — [jo͞o′dā iz΄əm, jo͞o′dēiz΄əm, jo͞o′dəiz΄əm] n. [ME Judaisme < LL(Ec) Judaismus < Gr(Ec) Ioudaismos < Ioudaios: see JEW] 1. the Jewish religion, a monotheistic religion based on the laws and teachings of the Holy Scripture and the Talmud… … English World dictionary
Judaism — /jooh dee iz euhm, day , deuh /, n. 1. the monotheistic religion of the Jews, having its ethical, ceremonial, and legal foundation in the precepts of the Old Testament and in the teachings and commentaries of the rabbis as found chiefly in the… … Universalium
Judaism — This article is about the Jewish religion. For consideration of ethnic, historic, and cultural aspects of the Jewish identity, see Jews. Judaica (clockwise from top): Shabbat candl … Wikipedia
Judaism — n. Conservative; Liberal (BE), Progressive (BE); Orthodox; Reform Judaism USAGE NOTE: Liberal Judaism and Progressive Judaism in Great Britain are approximately equivalent to Reform Judaism in North America. Reform Judaism in Great Britain is… … Combinatory dictionary
Judaism — noun /ˈdjuːˌdeɪ.ɪz.əm/ A world religion tracing its origin to the Hebrew people of the ancient Middle East, as documented in their religious writings, the Torah or Old Testament. See Also: Conservative Judaism, Jew, Jewish, Judaic, Judaica,… … Wiktionary